Brasov – gate to Transylvania
When it comes to Romania, most of the tourists associate Romania to Transylvania.
Brasov is the closest Transylvanian city, situated at around 200 km away from the Romanian capital- Bucharest. The city has always been flourishing, along centuries being a referral of trade and crafts, mainly due to its position, on the border of Wallachia and close to Moldavia as well as an important trade gate in Transylvania. Corona, Kronstadt, Brasso or Brasov, as the city was named along centuries, has always been an important strategic point as the residence of Barsa County. Besides, being placed at the base of Tampa Mountains, in the Carpathians, Brasov it is charming regardless the season or even the centuries.
The city seems to date back to Dacian times, some archeological indices being found at Solomon stones and close to Mayor Hall Square.
Founded by the Teutonic Knights in 1211 on previously Dacian location, as previously mentioned, and settled by the Saxons as one of the seven walled citadels, along with Sibiu, Cluj, Sighisoara, Medias and Bistrita.
More proofs about the existence of the city at Tampa are found around 14th century when the town of those days had nucleus around St Mary Church ( presently Black Church).
Attractions in Brasov:
The Council Square: Placed in the heart of old medieval Brasov among red-roofed merchant houses, the Council Square is a lovely rest place for the tourist.
Old Town Hall (1420 – now it shelters Brasov’s History Museum), it is situated close to another famous attraction of the city: Black Church. Merchant’s House (Cerbul Carpatin restaurant) built in the Renaissance style is placed close to it.
Black Church: Impressive by its size ( known as the biggest church between Vienna and Istanbul), the building got its name as a consequence of the big fire in 1689, when most of the town burnt. During this fire, the wall of the edifice blacken and the damages were repaired in 100 years of restoration. During restorations, the gothic aspect of the interior tended to the baroque style mostly seen today. The church also shelters 119 Anatolian Carpets( being the biggest collection of this type in Europe) and also a big attraction is the sound 4,000-pipe organ.
Defensive Fortifications: The fortification was built by Saxons as a consequence to the repeated attacks of Mongols and Turks starting since 12th century.
They were originally built between 1440 and 1650 and a small part of the historical fortification can be seen today. From the 7 initially bastions today can still be seen : Graft Bastion, White tower, Black Tower, Blacksmiths’ Bastion, Weavers’ Bastion, Brasov fortress, Catherine’s Gate, Schei Gate.
Facts: the 3rd narrowest street in Europe is Rope Street ( strada Sforii) and it measures from 111 to 135 cm and it is 80 m long.